No house can escape, at some point, from the visit of some animal, parasite or organism that is installed in any place of the same and automatically becomes a real headache for the owners or tenants. Normally we usually think of ants, cockroaches or termites, but there are also other types of smaller organisms that can cause the same damage, or even more serious, to the furniture and facilities of a house, in addition to being able to cause health problems to the inhabitants .
Why does black mold grow on wood?
Mold is within the group of fungi , as are yeasts and mushrooms. This organism has the ability to reproduce by spores, so it can be present at home for many years, but not have the opportunity to reproduce because the appropriate conditions have not been given to do so.
In general, it can be said that black mold (like any other type of mold) is easy to appear when two factors come together: heat and humidity . If both the temperature and humidity inside a room are high, mold is more likely to appear. That is why special care must be taken in certain areas of the house, such as in the kitchen, bathrooms or in those furniture that are near pipes in which a small leak could occur.
How to prevent black mold on wood
To control the appearance of black mold, it is necessary to control the variables that produce it. Heat is one of them, but, logically, we are not going to be cold at home, so it is better that we try to control the humidity level . There are dehumidifiers that can help to achieve this and there are also air purifiers that filter the air with HEPA filters, which are very suitable to combat the appearance of mold because they filter very small microorganisms, including spores. We also recommend that your vacuum cleaner contain such a filter.
You can also follow other recommendations such as always keeping the house well ventilated, preventing hot and humid environments from developing, allowing sunlight to enter, since mold cannot grow in the presence of sunlight or even resorting to anti-aging paints. -mold. In the latter case it is important that you bear in mind that it is a preventive measure, since it will not work if the wooden furniture already has mold. Also, get one that does not contain fungicides or toxic elements.
How to remove moisture stains from wood
There are several ways to remove black mold from wood, some with the use of chemicals and others with more natural remedies. But it is essential that in all cases you do it in the proper way . Remember that mold spores are very harmful and can cause significant damage to your health, especially if you are allergic to them. That is why it is necessary for you to protect yourself. Get a mask, gloves and protective glasses for the eyes and wear clothing that covers all areas of your body, to avoid exposure as much as possible.
Never clean the furniture inside the room or inside the house. It is best to take the furniture outside, and even better if you place it in a place where it receives direct sunlight. Before you begin, no matter which method you choose, use a vacuum cleaner with a HEPA filter to suck up as many spores as possible from the furniture , passing it through the areas affected by mold. When you are done, you can choose how you prefer to attack the mold.
Remove mold from porous surfaces with borax
One of the most effective methods is borax , an easy-to-find chemical that is best suited for removing mold from the most porous surfaces.
- Vacuum the area properly first.
- Then, clean the mold with a brush with water and detergent.
- Then dissolve a glass of the product in 5 liters of water.
- With another brush, scrub the affected area several times until you see that the mold has disappeared.
- You do not need to rinse it, as the presence of the borax will prevent the body from growing again.
If the stain remains, you can use ammonia , using it with caution, mixing a cup of the product with another of water and spraying the area with this mixture. After two hours, you can rinse it off. If you want to know more, you can find information in the following article on How to use ammonia for wood .
Remove mold from wooden furniture with tea tree oil
There are also natural methods to combat black wood mold. One of them is the oil from the tea tree , widely used today in cases of pediculosis, since it is fungicidal . This is very useful if you don’t know how to remove black mold from wood and don’t want to use chemicals:
- Clean the area with water and detergent.
- Next, dissolve a tablespoon of tea tree oil in a glass of water.
- Next, spray on the stain and don’t rinse it so it can work. In addition, white vinegar undiluted in water is very suitable to eliminate the most resistant mold stains, spraying the affected area, so that it is completely wet.
- Finally, you just have to wait for it to dry.